Information and communications and technology plays a very significant role in the universe especially in this digital era that we are currently living in. Technology increases the speed and breadth of knowledge turnover within the economy and society and is highly responsible for the increasing economic growth patterns that have been experienced in countries such as the United States, China, Japan and South Africa. ICT has also catapulted growth in education, agriculture, hotel, communication, business and research areas.
Education systems aim to offer adequate preparation to students and get them ready to live in the contemporary world. Changes in education involve adopting better and advanced programs to promote development of civilization. It is therefore important to understand how technology can be used in curriculum planning, in selecting appropriate learner management systems and in the integration of teaching and training practices.
We live in an era of ICT dominance where governments, businesses, journalists, and citizens alike depend on ICT in a variety of ways. This requires everyone to have a basic understanding of ICT and how to make practical use of it. It doesn’t matter whether you are an ordinary citizen, public employee, or leader. Becoming a competent user of ICT is crucial in one’s career, and particularly necessary for those seeking leadership positions in organizations. Just to recount how the modern society is deeply intertwined with ICT, you can consider social platforms that rely on it including Facebook and Twitter, which have over 1 billion users and 200 million monthly users respectively. It is therefore important for everyone to get equipped with relevant knowledge and skills on ICT in order to remain competent and practical.
The advancement of information and communication technology (ICT) has added a new dimension to research on disaster relief in terms of both potential problems and potential solutions. Concurrently, the evolving discipline of informatics has been leading to a more rigorous consideration of the implications of ICT development for collaborative information gathering and other activities. Some real life scenarios indeed demonstrate that ICTs are bringing remarkable changes in response to disasters and emergencies.
Information is the lifeblood to all organizations. Information is knowledge and knowledge is power. With an ever changing climate of technology and threats (both technical and human), the need for trained security personnel to protect our information becomes increasingly critical evolutionary task. Information is at risk from many sources, legal, electronic, physical, internal and external to mention a few. It is paramount that security and related management personnel have an understanding of the risks, controls and countermeasures that are available to secure information and technology within an effective management framework. Furthermore utilizing countermeasures, best practice and management techniques will mitigate electronic and physical risks and enhance protection to an organization.